NEET

NEET Examination

 

  • Field – Medical Entrance
  • Eligibility – 12th Standard Science Students
  • Subjects  – Chemistry, Physics and Biology
  • Questions Type – Objective MCQs
  • Paper Pattern – 180 Questions in 3 Hours

Chemistry Syllabus

  1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

    • General Introduction: Importance and Scope of Chemistry

    • Physical Quantities and Their Measurements

    • Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures

  2. Atoms and Molecules

    • Atoms and Molecules

    • Atomic Number and Mass Number

    • Atomic Mass and Molecular Mass

    • Dalton’s Atomic Theory

  3. Mole Concept

    • Mole and Equivalent Weight

    • Terms Related to Mole Concept

    • Avogadro’s Law

    • Laws of Chemical Combination

    • Percentage Composition, Empirical and Molecular Formula

    • Balancing of a Chemical Equation

    • Stoichiometry and Calculations Based on Stoichiometry

  4. Atomic Structure

    • Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones and Isoelectronics

    • Shapes of Atomic Orbitals

    • Developments Leading to Quantum or Wave Mechanical Model of Atom

    • Quantum Numbers

    • Energy Level Diagrams and Filling of Orbitals in Atoms

  5. Periodic Classification of Elements

    • Introduction and Historical Development of the Periodic Table

    • Modern Periodic Table

    • Period and Group

    • Atomic Radius

    • Ionization Enthalpy and Valency

    • Electron Gain Enthalpy

    • Electronegativity and Oxidation State

  6. Chemical Bonding

    • Fundamentals of Chemical Bonding

    • Ionic or Electrovalent Compounds

    • Covalent Compounds

    • Formation of Compounds

    • VSEPR Theory

    • Valence Bond Theory

    • Hybridisation

    • Molecular Orbital Theory

    • Hydrogen Bonding

  7. Acids, Bases and Salts

    • pH

  8. Solutions

    • Introduction to Solutions

    • Expressing Concentration of Solutions

    • Solutions of Solids or Gases in Liquids

    • Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions and Raoult’s Law

    • Ideal and Non-Ideal Solutions

    • Osmotic Pressure

    • Elevation in Boiling Point

    • Depression in Freezing Point

    • Abnormal Molecular Mass

  9. Gaseous State

    • General Introduction to Gaseous State

    • Intermolecular Forces

    • Gas Laws

    • Kinetic Molecular Theory

    • Kinetic Energy and Molecular Speeds

    • Behaviour of Real Gases – Deviations From Ideal Behaviour

    • Liquefaction of Gases and Critical Temperature

    • The Liquid State

  10. Electrochemistry

    • Electrolysis

    • Quantitative Aspect of Electrolysis and Faraday’s Law

    • Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions

    • Kohlrausch’s Law

    • Electrochemical Cell or Galvanic Cell

    • Electrode Potential

  11. Redox Reactions

    • Oxidation and Reduction – Classical Concept

    • Oxidation and Reduction – Electron Transfer Concept

    • Oxidation Number

    • Types of Redox Reactions

    • Balance Redox Reactions

  12. Thermodynamics

    • Some Basic Terms and Concepts

    • First Law of Thermodynamics

    • Heat Capacity, Specific Heat Capacity and Molar Heat Capacity

    • Measurement of Delta U and Delta H – Calorimetry

    • Different Types of Heats/Enthalpies of Reaction

    • Hess’s Law

    • Spontaneous and Non-Spontaneous Process

    • Entropy and Gibbs Free Energy

    • Standard Free Energy and Third Law of Thermodynamics

  13. Equilibrium in Physical and Chemical Processes

    • Introduction to Equilibrium

    • Law of Mass Action and Law of Chemical Equilibrium

    • Le Chatelier’s Principle

  14. Ionic Equilibrium in Solutions

    • Acids and Bases

    • Salt Hydrolysis

    • Solubility Product and Common Ion Effect

    • Buffer Solutions and Buffer Action

  15. Organic Chemistry

    • General Introduction to Organic Compounds

    • Isomerism

    • Types of Organic Reactions

  16. Hydrocarbons

    • Basic Concepts

    • Alkanes

    • Characteristics of Alkane

    • Alkenes

    • Characteristics of Alkenes

    • Alkynes

    • Characteristics of Alkynes

    • Arenes

    • Characteristics of Arenes

  17. Metallurgy

    • Metallurgical Processes

    • Extraction of Crude Metals From Concentrated Ores

    • Refining

    • Extraction of Iron

    • Extraction of Copper

    • Extraction of Zinc

    • Extraction of Aluminium

  18. Study of the First element – Hydrogen

    • Introduction to Hydrogen

    • Preparation of Hydrogen

    • Hard Water, Soft Water and Heavy Water

    • Hydrogen Peroxide

    • Hydrogen Economy

  19. s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

    • Introduction

    • Alkali Metals

    • Lithium

    • Sodium and Potassium

    • Alkaline Earth Elements

    • Beryllium, Calcium and Magnesium

  20. p-Block Elements

    • General Characteristics of p-Block Elements

    • Group 13 Elements: Boron Family

    • Boron and Aluminium

    • Group 14 Elements: Carbon Family

    • Carbon

    • Silicon

    • Introduction to Nitrogen Family – Group 15 Elements

    • Ammonia

    • Nitric Acid and Oxides of Nitrogen

    • Phosphorus and Phosphine

    • Halides, Oxides and Oxoacids of Phosphorus

    • Introduction to Oxygen Family – Group 16 Elements

    • Hydrides, Oxides, Halides of Oxygen Family

    • Oxygen

    • Ozone

    • Sulphur, Sulphur Dioxide and Sulphuric Acid

    • Introduction to Halogen Family – Group 17 Elements

    • Fluorine and Chlorine

    • Hydrogen Chloride

    • Hydrochloric Acid

    • Inter-Halogen Compounds and Polyhalide Ions

    • Introduction to Inert Gases – Group 18 Elements

  21. Environmental Chemistry

    • Environmental Pollution

    • Pollutants and Their Types

    • Air or Atmospheric Pollution

    • Smog

    • Soil Pollution

    • Waste Management

    • Green Chemistry

  22. Solid State

    • Crystalline and Amorphous Solids

    • Space Lattice or Crystal Lattice and Unit Cell

    • Calculation of Number of Particles per Unit Cell of a Cubic Crystal System

    • Close Packing in Crystals

    • Tetrahedral and Octahedral Voids

    • Radius Ratio Rules

    • Density of a Cubic Crystal

    • Imperfections or Defects in a Solid

    • Electrical Properties of Solids

    • Magnetic Properties of Solids

  23. Chemical Kinetics

    • General Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

    • Rate Law Expression and Order of Reaction

    • Integrated Rate Law Equations

    • Determination of Rate Law, Rate Constant and Order of a Reaction

    • Common Examples of Reactions of First Order

    • Temperature, Catalyst and Activation Energy of Reactions

  24. Surface Chemistry

    • Adsorption

    • Colloidal State of Matter

    • Emulsions

    • Catalysis

  25. d and f Block elements

    • Study of d-Block Elements

    • Important Compounds of Transition Elements

    • Lanthanoids

    • Actinoids

  26. Coordination Compounds

    • Coordination Compounds and Complex Ion

    • Important Terms Used in Coordination Compounds

    • Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds

    • Isomerism in Coordination Compounds

    • Werner’s Theory

    • Crystal Field Theory

    • Organometallic Compounds

  27. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

    • Classification of Halogen Compounds

    • Nomenclature of Halogen Compounds

    • Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes

    • Methods of Preparing Haloarenes

    • Physical Properties of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

    • Chemical Reactions of Haloalkanes – Substitution Reactions

    • Optical Isomerism

    • Chemical Reactions of Haloalkanes – Elimination Reactions

    • Reaction of Alkyl Halides With Metals

    • Chemical Reactions of Haloarenes

    • Polyhalogen Compounds

  28. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    • Classification of Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    • Nomenclature of Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    • Isomerism in Alcohols

    • Methods of Preparation of Alcohols

    • Methods of Preparation of Phenols

    • Physical Properties of Alcohols and Phenols

    • Chemical Reactions of Alcohol and Phenol

    • Methods of Preparation of Ethers

    • Physical Properties of Ethers

    • Chemical Reactions of Ethers

  29. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

    • Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones

    • Isomerism in Aldehydes and Ketones

    • Methods of Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones

    • Physical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones

    • Chemical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones

    • Introduction and Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids

    • Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids

    • Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids

    • Chemical Properties of Carboxylic Acids

    • Some Common Carboxylic Acids

    • Functional Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids

    • Acyl Halides

    • Acid Anhydrides

  30. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

    • Nitro Compounds – Introduction, Nomenclature and Methods of Preparation

    • Physical Properties of Nitro Compounds

    • Chemical Properties and Reactions of Nitro Compounds

    • Amines – Classification, Nomenclature and Isomerism

    • Methods of Preparation of Amines

    • Physical Properties of Amines

    • Chemical Reactions of Amines

    • Diazonium Salts

  31. Biomolecules

    • Cell, Cellular Energetics and Energy Cycle

    • Carbohydrates

    • Monosaccharides

    • Disaccharides and Polysaccharides

    • Proteins

    • Nucleic Acids

    • Enzymes

    • Hormones

    • Vitamins

  32. Polymers

    • Polymers and Their Classification

    • Preparation of Some Addition Polymers

  33. Chemistry in Everyday Life

    • Medicines

    • Types of Drugs

    • Chemicals in Food

    • Cleansing Agents – Soaps and Detergents

 

Physics Syllabus

  1. Units and Dimensions

    • Units – Definitions and Systems

    • Identification of Units

    • Conversion of Units

    • Dimensions

    • Dimensional Analysis

  2. Measurement and Errors

    • Measurement

    • Errors, Accuracy and Precision

    • Measuring Instruments

    • Significant Figures and Rounding Off

    • Absolute and Relative Error

  3. Vectors

    • Scalars and Vectors

    • Vector Addition

    • Dot Product

    • Cross Product

  4. Kinematics

    • Coordinate System and Position Vectors

    • Distance and Displacement

    • Speed and Velocity

    • Acceleration

    • Uniformly Accelerated Motion

    • Free Fall

    • Basics of Projectile Motion

    • Advanced Projectile Motion

    • Relative Motion

    • Special Cases of Relative Motion

    • Relative Motion in Projectiles

    • Graphs in Kinematics

  5. Laws of Motion

    • Newton’s First Law

    • Newton’s Second Law

    • Newton’s Third Law

    • Application of Newton’s Laws of motion

    • Pseudo Force

  6. Friction

    • Basics of Friction

    • Static Friction

    • Kinetic Friction

  7. Work, Energy and Power

    • Work and Energy

    • Kinetic Energy

    • Work Energy Theorem

    • Conservative and Non-Conservative Forces

    • Potential Energy

    • Conservation of Energy

    • Power

  8. Circular Motion

    • Kinematics of Circular Motion

    • Dynamics of Circular Motion

    • Motion in a Vertical Circle

  9. Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision

    • Centre of Mass

    • Motion of Centre of Mass

    • Linear Momentum and its Conservation

    • Elastic Collisions in One-Dimension

    • Elastic Collisions in Two-Dimensions

    • Inelastic Collisions

    • Impulse

  10. Rotational Dynamics

    • Angular Velocity

    • Basics of Moment of Inertia

    • Moment of Inertia of Common Bodies

    • Torque

    • Rotational Equilibrium

    • Angular Momentum

    • Conservation of Angular Momentum and Energy

    • Combined Rotational and Translational Motion

    • Rolling Motion

    • Collisions in Rotational Motion

  11. Gravitation

    • Newton’s Law of Gravitation

    • Acceleration due to Gravity

    • Gravitational Field

    • Gravitational Potential

    • Gravitational Potential Energy

    • Kepler’s Laws

    • Gravitational Effect on Satellites

    • Polar and Geostationary Satellites

    • Escape Velocity

    • Nature of Orbits

  12. Mechanical Properties of Matter

    • Elastic and Plastic Substances

    • Stress and Strain

    • Young’s Modulus

    • Bulk Modulus and Shear Modulus

    • Poisson Ratio

    • Stress-Strain Curve

    • Elastic Energy

  13. Fluid Mechanics

    • Atmospheric Pressure

    • Pressure Measurement

    • Density

    • Pressure in Static Fluid

    • Pressure in Accelerated Fluids

    • Buoyancy and Archimedes’ Principle

    • Fluid Dynamics

    • Bernoulli’s Equation

    • Efflux and Torricelli’s Law

    • Viscosity

    • Stoke’s Law and Terminal Velocity

    • Surface Tension

    • Surface Energy

    • Angle of Contact

    • Liquid Drops and Bubbles

    • Capillarity

  14. Simple Harmonic Motion

    • Fundamentals of Oscillations and Periodic Motion

    • Displacement in SHM

    • Velocity in SHM

    • Acceleration in SHM

    • Energy in SHM

    • Force and Torque

    • Time Period and Frequency

    • Springs

    • Pendulums

    • Free, Forced and Damped Oscillations

    • Resonance

  15. Wave Motion and String Waves

    • Introduction to Waves

    • Wave Equation

    • Waves on a String

    • Superposition and Interference

    • Reflection and Transmission of Waves

    • Standing Waves

    • Modes of Vibration

    • Sonometer and Laws of Transverse Vibrations

  16. Sound Waves

    • Introduction to Sound Waves

    • Speed of Sound

    • Superposition and Interference of Sound Waves

    • Reflection, Transmission and Echo

    • Standing Waves in Sound Waves

    • Organ Pipes

    • Beats

    • Doppler Effect

    • Intensity, Loudness and Energy

  17. Electrostatics

    • Electric Charge

    • Coulomb’s Law

    • Electric Field

    • Electric Flux

    • Gauss’s Law

    • Electrostatic Potential

    • Electrostatic Potential Energy

    • Electric Dipole

    • Electrostatics of Conductors

  18. Capacitors

    • Capacitance

    • Types of Capacitors

    • Equivalent Capacitance in Series-Parallel

    • Energy in a Capacitor

    • Capacitor Circuits

    • Dielectrics and Polarisation

    • Dielectrics in Capacitors

  19. Current Electricity

    • Electric Current

    • Drift of Electrons

    • Resistance and Resistivity

    • Ohm’s Law

    • Equivalent Resistance in Series-Parallel

    • Cells and EMF

    • Kirchoff’s Law

    • Circuit Instruments

    • Wheatstone Bridge

    • Potentiometer

    • Energy and Power

    • Bulbs in Series and Parallel

    • RC Circuits

  20. Magnetism

    • Magnets

    • Magnetic field

    • Biot-Savart Law

    • Ampere’s Law

    • Lorentz Force

    • Force on Current Carrying Conductor

    • Earth’s Magnetism

    • Solenoid and Toroid

    • Magnetic Moment

    • Energy

    • Moving Coil Galvanometer

    • Terms Used in Magnetism

  21. Electromagnetic Induction

    • Magnetic Flux

    • Faraday’s and Lenz’s Law

    • Motional EMF

    • Inductance

    • Equivalent Inductance and Inductor Circuits

    • LR Circuits

    • AC Generator

  22. Alternating Current

    • Basics of AC

    • Purely Resistive Circuit

    • Purely Inductive Circuit

    • Purely Capacitive Circuit

    • LC Oscillations

    • LCR Circuits

    • Resonance in AC

    • Power in AC Circuit

    • Transformers

  23. Thermodynamics

    • Introduction to Thermodynamics

    • Zeroth Law

    • Thermometry

    • Heat, Internal Energy and Work

    • First Law of Thermodynamics

    • Specific Heat Capacities

    • Isobaric, Isochoric, Isothermal Processes

    • Adiabatic Processes

    • Second Law of Thermodynamics

    • Engines and Cycles

  24. Kinetic Theory

    • Gas Laws

    • Introduction to Kinetic Theory

    • Degrees of Freedom

    • Law of Equipartition of Energy

    • Mean Free Path

  25. Heat Transfer

    • Conduction

    • Convection

    • Radiation

    • Wien’s Displacement Law

    • Stefan Boltzmann Law

    • Newton’s Law of Cooling

    • Phase Change

    • Calorimetry

  26. Thermal Expansion

    • Linear Expansion

    • Aerial Expansion

    • Volume Expansion

  27. Optics

    • Reflection at Plane Surface

    • Spherical Mirrors

    • Refraction at Plane Surfaces

    • Total Internal Reflection

    • Refraction at Spherical Surfaces

    • Thin Lenses

    • Combination of Lenses and Mirrors

    • Prism

    • Dispersion

    • Optical Instruments

    • Some Natural Phenomena

  28. Wave Optics

    • Huygen’s Principle

    • Interference

    • Diffraction

    • Polarisation

  29. Electromagnetic Waves

    • Maxwell’s Equations

    • Nature of Electromagnetic Waves

    • Electromagnetic Spectrum

  30. Modern Physics

    • Photons and Photoelectric Effect

    • Stopping Potential and Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation

    • Dual Nature

    • X-Rays and Compton Effects

  31. Nuclear Physics

    • Alpha Particle & Rutherford Model

    • Atomic Spectra and Spectral Series

    • Bohr Model

    • Nuclear Structure

    • First Order Radioactive Decay

    • Change in Nucleus due to Radioactive Decay

    • Binding Energy

    • Nuclear Fission

    • Nuclear Fusion

  32. Semiconductors and Electronic devices

    • Energy Bands

    • p-n Junction

    • Diode

    • Rectifier from a Diode

    • Zener Diode

    • Optoelectronic Junction Devices

    • Transistor

    • Logic Gates

 

Biology Syllabus

  1. Introducing Biology

    • Living, Nonliving and Dead

  2. The Living World

    • Living World and Diversity

    • Systematics

    • Classification

    • Taxonomy

    • Nomenclature

    • Tools for Study of Taxonomy

  3. Animal Kingdom

    • Basis of Classification

    • Phylum Porifera

    • Phylum Coelenterata

    • Phylum Platyhelminthes

    • Phylum Nemathelminthes

    • Phylum Annelida

    • Phylum Arthropoda

    • Phylum Mollusca

    • Phylum Echinodermata

    • Phylum Chordata

    • Class Pisces

    • Class Amphibia

    • Class Reptilia

    • Class Aves

    • Class Mammalia

  4. Biological Classification

    • Classification of Organisms

    • Monera

    • Protista

    • Fungi

    • Lichen and Mycorrhizae

    • Virus

  5. Plant Kingdom

    • Algae

    • Bryophyta

    • Pteridophyta

    • Gymnosperms

    • Angiosperms

    • Plant Life Cycles

  6. Anatomy and Morphology of Animals

    • Epithelial Tissue

    • Connective Tissue

    • Muscle Tissue

    • Neural Tissue

    • Organ System

    • Morphology and Anatomy of Earthworm

    • Morphology and Anatomy of Cockroach

    • Morphology and Anatomy of Frog

  7. Cells – The Unit of Life

    • Cell Introduction and Cell Theory

    • Tools and Techniques

    • Prokaryotic Cell

    • Bacteria

    • Eukaryotic Cell Envelope and Cytoplasm

    • Endomembrane System

    • Mitochondria and Plastids

    • Ribosomes and Microbodies

    • Cytoskeletal Structures, Cilia and Flagella

    • Centrosome, Nucleus and Chromosome

    • Cell Processes

    • Biomolecules

    • Enzyme Properties

    • Enzyme Classification and Factors Affecting

    • Cell Cycle

    • Mitosis

    • Meiosis

  8. Anatomy and Morphology of Plants

    • Root

    • Stem

    • Leaf

    • Flower

    • Inflorescence

    • Taxonomy of Angiosperm

    • Fruit and Seed

    • Dispersal of Seed

    • Tissue

    • Tissue System

    • Anatomy of Dicot and Monocot

    • Secondary Growth

  9. Plant Physiology: Water Transport and Mineral Nutrition

    • Means of Transport in Plant

    • Plant Water Relation

    • Absorption of Water and Ascent of Sap

    • Transpiration

    • Translocation of Organic Solutes

    • Essential Mineral Elements

    • Macronutrients

    • Micronutrients

    • Nitrogen Nutrition

  10. Plant Physiology: Photosynthesis and Respiration

    • Introduction to Photosynthesis

    • History of Photosynthesis

    • Raw Materials of Photosynthesis

    • Site of Photosynthesis

    • Light Reaction

    • Dark Reaction

    • Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

    • Photorespiration

    • Introduction and Types of Respiration

    • Glycolysis

    • Aerobic Respiration (kreb’s Cycle and ETS)

    • RQ

    • Anaerobic Respiration

  11. Animal Physiology: Nutrition and Respiration

    • Types of Nutrition

    • Variations of Digestive System in Vertebrates

    • Alimentary Canal

    • Digestive Glands

    • Physiology of Digestion

    • Gastrointestinal Hormones

    • Absorption of Nutrients and Defecation

    • Nutrition, Nutritional Requirement and Disorders

    • Introduction to Respiration

    • Respiratory Organs

    • Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities

    • Process of Respiration

    • Control of Breathing

    • Disorders of Respiratory System

  12. Animal Physiology: Circulation and Excretion

    • Blood Components

    • Blood Grouping and Coagulation

    • Lymphatic System

    • Circulatory Pathways

    • Structure and Function of Heart

    • ECG and Blood Pressure

    • Disorders and Therapeutic Devices of Circulatory System

    • Modes of Excretion

    • Excretory System

    • Physiology of Excretion

    • Other Organs of Excretion

    • Disorders of Excretory System

  13. Animal Physiology: Locomotion, Senses, Nervous and Chemical Coordination

    • Muscular System

    • Skeletal System

    • Disorders of Muscular and Skeletal System

    • Components of Nervous System

    • Biochemical Aspect of Nervous Physiology

    • Reflex

    • Diseases of Neural System

    • Different Types of Receptor

    • Eye

    • Ear

    • Sense of Touch, Smell and Taste

    • Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones

    • Mechanism of Hormone Action

  14. Reproduction and Growth in Plants

    • Asexual Reproduction

    • Vegetative Propagation

    • Microsporogenesis

    • Megasporogenesis

    • Pollination

    • Fertilization in Plants

    • Endosperm, Embryo, Seed and Fruit

    • Parthenocarpy

    • Sexual Incompatibility, Apomixis and Polyembryony

    • Seed Dormancy

    • Germination

    • Growth

    • Growth Regulators

    • Auxin

    • Gibberellins

    • Cytokinins

    • Ethylene

    • ABA and Other Regulators

    • Plant Hormone Action

    • Photoperiodism and Vernalization

  15. Reproduction and Growth in Animals

    • Types of Animal Reproduction

    • Male Reproductive System

    • Female Reproductive System

    • Gametogenesis

    • Menstrual Cycle

    • Fertilization in Animals

    • Embryonic Development

    • Implantation

    • Gastrulation

    • Placenta

    • Organogenesis and Extraembryonic Membrane

    • Gestation Period, Parturition and Lactation

    • Life Cycle of Other Animals

  16. Reproductive Health

    • Problems and Strategies of Reproductive Health

    • Sexually Transmitted Disease

    • Methods of Contraception

    • Infertility

    • Assisted Reproductive Technologies

  17. Genetics

    • Mendelism

    • Chromosomes

    • Linkage and Crossing Over

    • Sex Linked Inheritance

    • Nonallelic Interactions

    • Sex Determination

    • Genetic Variation

    • Human Genetic Disorders

    • Genetic Material

    • Replication, Transcription, Translation

    • Genes, Mutation, Genetic Expression

    • Human Genome Project, Dna Fingerprinting

  18. Ecology and Environment

    • Organisms and Environment

    • Population

    • Ecosystem

    • Ecological Pyramids, Succession

    • Adaptations to Environment in Plants and Animals

    • Biogeochemical Cycle

    • Biodiversity and Conservation

    • Pollution and Control

    • Air and Air Pollution

    • Water and Water Pollution

    • Soil and Soil Pollution

    • Radioactive and Noise Pollution

    • Pollution Control Policies

    • Waste Generation and Management

    • Natural Resources

  19. Evolution

    • Origin of Life

    • Organic Evolution

    • Theories of Evolution

    • Speciation

    • Mechanism of Evolution

    • Human Evolution

  20. Biology and Human Welfare: Health and Disease

    • Common Human Diseases

    • Disease Caused by Roundworms

    • Disease Caused by Flatworms

    • Health and Hygiene

    • Immunity

    • Antigen and Antibody

    • Immune System

    • Immunodeficiency Disorders

    • Cancer

    • Vaccine

    • Adolescence and Addiction

  21. Biology and Human Welfare: Enhancement of Food Production

    • Animal Husbandry

    • Animal Breeding

    • Plant Breeding

    • Tissue Culture

    • Single Cell Protein

    • New Crops

    • Plant Introduction and Acclimatization

    • Food Preservation

  22. Biology and Human Welfare: Microbes

    • Microbes in Industry and Household

    • Sewage Treatment and Biogas

    • Biocontrol Agents

    • Biofertilizer

  23. Biology and Human Welfare: Biotechnology

    • Introduction to Biotechnology

    • Principle of Recombinant DNA Technology

    • Process of Recombinant DNA Technology

    • Application of Biotechnology in Agriculture

    • Application of Biotechnology in Medicine

    • Transgenic Animals

    • Biopatent

    • Biopiracy

    • Bio-war

  24. Animal Behaviour

    . Adaptation

 

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